German Prepositions – Präpositionen – Accusative, Dative and 2-way Prepositions
Today I want to share some of the activities we did as they learned the basic prepositions. In German, prepositions can be grouped into different categories based on the definite articles that are used with them. We learned these in a fun, active way. I’ll share our resources with you today! 🙂
The kids have made a lot of progress this year in German. We spent a long time on basic conversations skills (basic greetings and questions, family, weather, seasons, clothing, nationalities, food/eating), but recently we have been using a textbook (more about that below and in a post I’ll write up soon) and diving a bit more into some basic grammar.
We did a lot of chanting, singing, and acting to really get these different preposition groups down!
German Accusative Prepositions:
- bis – until
- durch – through
- für – for
- gegen – against, toward
- ohne – without
- um – around
These prepositions always use the accusative case. The definitive articles den, die, das, die.
While learning the accusative prepositions, we chanted this list.
German Dative Prepositions:
- aus – out of
- auβer – besides, except
- bei – at the house of
- mit – with
- nach – after to
- seit – since
- von – from, of
- zu – to
These prepositions always use the dative case. The definitive articles dem, der, dem, den
To learn these, we used a song to the tune of Frere Jacques (Are you Sleeping?). See the packet below.
- an – at, by, on (up against)
- auf – on top of, out of, from
- hinter – behind
- in – in
- neben – next to
- über – over
- unter – under
- vor – in front of
- zwischen – between
These prepositions use the accusative case if there is movement from from one place to another. These use the dative case if it is a location.
We learned these prepositions by singing a song to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle. See the packet below.
And, of course, we acted these prepositions out and did basic conversation practice as well. 🙂
This packet below has various resources you can use with your students – the songs mentioned above, the cards we used, and a basic worksheet they did for review. This packet is currently free to download!
Our other German Packets:
Visit our German Store to check out some of our other German Packets including Clothing; Sickness/Symptoms to Daily Routines/Hobbies/Free Time Activities; Adjective Opposites and Much More!
Other German Posts That May be of Interest:
- German Textbook Options — German Curriculum for Kids — P.S. I plan to update this post because the book we have settled on this year was German Made Simple (affiliate link), which I loved because of story that builds from chapter to chapter as we learn about a businessman who is learning German. We learn more about him, his family, his family, and his German lessons. On one side the story is in German, on the other is the English translation. Each chapter also has vocabulary, grammar lessons, and review/practice exercises. This has been working really well for my kids. They are 8, 10, and 12. It is challenging for my 8 year old, but a perfect fit for my older kids.
- Foreign Language Goldmine – Free German Resources
- Free German Worksheets – this post includes more free resources I came across. We’ll use some of these sheets again as well:
Disclosure: Please note that some of the links in this post are affiliate links, and at no additional cost to you, I will earn a commission if you decide to make a purchase.